March 29, 2019

U.S. Cannabis Spot Index — March 29, 2019

U.S. Cannabis Spot Index — Published March 29, 2019

U.S. Cannabis Spot Index up 1.2% to $1,087 per pound.


The simple average (non-volume weighted) price increased more than $5 to $1,117 per pound, with 68% of transactions (one standard deviation) in the $385 to $1,850 per pound range. The average reported deal size declined to 2.7 pounds. In grams, the Spot price was $2.40 and the simple average price was $2.46.


The relative frequency of trades for greenhouse flower decreased week-over-week by 1%. The relative frequency of transactions involving outdoor product increased by the same proportion, while that for indoor flower was flat. Warehouse product’s share of the total reported weight moved nationwide increased by 2% compared to last week. The relative volumes of both greenhouse and outdoor flower each decreased week-over-week by 1%.

The U.S. Spot Index reversed a sustained decline this week, ticking upward by 1.2% to settle at $1,087 per pound. The national composite rate rose on an increase in the volume-weighted price for indoor flower, as well as an expansion in that grow type’s relative volume. The U.S. rate for warehouse product is being pushed up by rising prices in the mid-sized medical markets of Illinois, Maine, Michigan, and New Mexico; of the four major Western markets only Washington saw prices for indoor flower increase this week. Expanding patient counts and demand in the first and final medical markets just listed have been driving prices in those states upward, while shifting regulatory landscapes in Michigan and Maine have resulted in uncertainty for participants in those markets.

The histograms below show price dispersion by grow type for March 2019 versus March 2018. Most notably, nearly 80% of outdoor transactions were priced above $600 per pound last year, whereas nearly 85% are currently priced below $600. Additionally, expansion of greenhouse capacity in higher priced markets such as Nevada (compared to West Coast markets) helped increase the proportion of greenhouse transactions priced above $1,000 per pound from 34% to 43%.   

April 2019 Forward closes unchanged at $1,075 per pound.


The average reported forward deal size declined to 46 pounds. The proportion of forward deals for outdoor, greenhouse, and indoor-grown flower was 59%, 28%, and 13% of forward arrangements, respectively. The average forward deal size for monthly delivery for outdoor, greenhouse, and indoor-grown flower was 44 pounds, 48 pounds, and 44 pounds, respectively.


At $1,075 per pound, the April Forward represents a discount of 1.1% relative to the current U.S. Spot Price of $1,087 per pound. The premium or discount for each Forward price, relative to the U.S. Spot Index, is illustrated in the table below.

Sample Headlines From This Week’s Premium Report:

  • California

    Over 300 Annual and Provisional Cultivation Licenses Issued Between Late February and March 22nd, But 3,450 Listed as “About to Expire” as of Last Week

  • Colorado

    Taxes on Flower Transferred Internally by Vertically-Integrated Adult-Use Operations Will Rise by Over 3% in Q2, the Second Consecutive Quarter to See an Increase

  • Oregon

  • Retail Demand Slides in February for Second Consecutive Month, as Spot Index Fell to a Historic Low for the State’s Market
  • Washington

  • LCB Canopy Report Shows that Growers are Not Fully Utilizing Allowed Production Capacity, Large Operations Hold Outsized Market Share
  • Nevada

  • State Spot Index Again Drops Sharply, Establishing New Historic Low for the Market for the Second Straight Week
  • Michigan

  • Unlicensed Dispensaries That Account for Almost Half of Operational Storefronts in the State to be Compelled to Close at End of March, Reducing Wholesale Demand

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Cannabis Benchmarks®, a division of New Leaf Data Services, LLC

29 March 2019.  Copyright © 2019 New Leaf Data Services, LLC.  All rights reserved