December 28, 2021

U.S. Cannabis Spot Index — December 31, 2021

U.S. Cannabis Spot Index — Published December 31, 2021

The U.S. Cannabis Spot Index increased 3.7% to $1,349 per pound.


The simple average (non-volume weighted) price increased $41 to $1,652 per pound, with 68% of transactions (one standard deviation) in the $843 to $2,460 per pound range. The average reported deal size decreased to 2.2 pounds. In grams, the Spot price was $2.97 and the simple average price was $3.64.


Cannabis Benchmarks’ U.S. Spot Index has been in a steep downtrend since early August 2021, with legacy states’ overproduction of outdoor cannabis weighing on the market such that the pace of price contagion has picked up over the past several months. U.S. spot greenhouse flower price broke down through $1,000 per pound in early November and indoor flower price is trading near $1,700 per pound, down nearly 16% from its year-high level. 


Legacy states are not the only ones coming under seasonal and / or fundamental price pressures.  Michigan spot prices have undergone a sharp sell-off in the wake of several events, with the individual impact of each not easily discerned. Namely: A massive cannabis recall that was partially reversed in court proceedings between the Michigan Marijuana Regulatory Authority and the state’s largest testing facility, growers bringing in the state’s first significant outdoor harvest, and price competition from new cultivators entering the market. Michigan’s Spot has fallen significantly in just three weeks time.


Illinois too has undergone a nearly 8% sell-off in the state’s spot market, despite a large in-state population supplemented by multi-state demand for their adult use cannabis marketplace. Legal wranglings are delaying more licensing and there is room for many more retail outlets to create a competitive market and soak up demand. 


Massachusetts’ Spot has fallen 4% since mid-October; a development that may be seasonal – harvest related, although the amount of outdoor growing in the state is not yet particularly large – or the beginning of a more competitive market. 



High population states with strong demand and legal medical and adult use markets are likely to see cannabis commoditization develop at a faster clip than states with medical use only or states that grow mostly indoor and greenhouse flower. Moreover, states supplying their neighbors will see their price advantage quickly eroded when nearby states open adult use markets. The future of cannabis prices, a great reset, may already be underway.


January 2022 Implied Forward closed up $10 at $1,345 per pound.


The average reported forward deal size was nominally unchanged at 66 pounds. The proportions of forward deals for outdoor, greenhouse, and indoor-grown flower were 36%, 48%, and 16% of forward arrangements, respectively.


The average forward deal sizes for monthly delivery for outdoor, greenhouse, and indoor-grown flower were 97 pounds, 52 pounds, and 36 pounds, respectively.



At $1,345 per pound, the January 2022 Implied Forward represents a discount of 0.3% relative to the current U.S. Spot Price of $1,349 per pound. The premium or discount for each Forward price, relative to the U.S. Spot Index, is illustrated in the table below.

Headlines from this week's Premium Report:


Spot Price Crashes as Sales Continue to Soften


October Flower Sales, Tax Collections Fall


Court Dates for Craft Cultivator Licensing Snarl Moved to 2022

New York

Local Opt-Outs Surge

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Cannabis Benchmarks®, a division of New Leaf Data Services, LLC

31 December 2021.  Copyright © 2021 New Leaf Data Services, LLC.  All rights reserved